Causes of infertility


hey there! I hope you are doing great. there are alot of causes for infertility. women are accountable for 20% of infertility and 20% men and the 60% other reasons. reasons like external environmental factors. PCOS is a big reason , having blocked tubes etc. for women and couples like this , there is an option for surrogacy and IVF. surrogacy is a great option for women struggling with infertility.


Congrats with your surrogacy success!! May all of you be healthy and happy in your new family!!
I’ve shared this on another thread already. Thought I have to post here. I’ve got loads of things to share about surrogacy process in Ukaine. 'Cause we’ve been through treatments there and are currently back for a sibling!! So here we go I absolutely love the idea of coming for surrogacy to this very country. Firstly, because it’s surrogacy friendly law. The baby is considered to be yours from the moment of conception. The surrogate cannot stand any rights. She has no right to keep the baby after delivery which makes couples absolutely safe. The birth certificate is issues with the names of the intended parents, so the baby’s theirs. Eveything’s simple when being guided with professionals in this field. I know for sure our biotex helps the IP with obtaining the birth certificate and other legal services. Friends of mine had a trouble when being at the exit process. She had a single letter differed in their marriage certificate which caused them a huge trouble. But biotex helped them through and soon they could take their baby girl home. Surrogacy may be the blessing for many people. But in Ukraine surrogacy is allow for heterosexual married couples only.
surrogacy process goes on like this.
Initial consultation. It usually contains the following activities: A set of tests depending on the program (fasting is mandatory). Consultation with a fertility specialist who will be in charge of your program (in case of stimulation you will need to have the transvaginal ultrasound check done). Consultation with a manager who will guide you through the program step by step. Signing of contracts. Before any initial consultation you will receive the Guidelines for the Initial Consultation – failure to follow these recommendations may affect the initial consultation in a negative way.
Search & confirmation of a surrogate mother, matching process. Waiting time depends on the type of contact.
Stimulation & synchronisation stage (about 2 weeks). The cycle of egg donor or the biological mother is synchronised with the cycle of a surrogate mother. According to your contract you have to follow all doctors instruction. In case of self-treatment or violation of the treatment protocol, the clinic may cancel the cycle and terminate the contract.
Fertilization day, embryo transfer - the 2nd visit. In case the biological mother undergoes hormonal stimulation and is being prepared for egg retrieval, the second visit may take up to 10 days. If we are talking about surrogacy using own eggs it is not recommended to leave the same day. Flying the following day is fine.The rules for sperm donation are similar as for the initial consultation – a man needs to abstain from ejaculation from 3 to 5 days before. After fertilisation the embryo development is monitored by embryology unit. The embryo transfer takes place on the 5th day. You will receive the protocol of embryo cultivation and transfer within 3 working days after the embryo transfer.
HCG test, pregnancy confirmation.
Pregnancy monitoring. Delivery.
Obtaining of the birth certificate for the baby (up to 1 week).
For more information you may visit or People are telling their incredible stories about surrogacy at bio tex com.
Hope this helps those looking for more insight .


IVF is a highly sophisticated and meticulously timed procedure. It involves removing a ripened egg or eggs from the female’s ovary. Fertilizing it with semen. Incubating the dividing cells in a laboratory dish. Finally, replacing the developing embryo in the uterus at the appropriate time.
The success and availability of IVF has raised the hopes of many infertile couples (Who have not been able to conceive because of infertility associated with not only blocked or absent fallopian tubes but also male infertility and many other causes!)
Time ago I was diagnosed on pcos & blocked fallopian tubes. AMH test results came in lest then 3,2. Tried accupuncture along with IVF shots but got no actual results. IVF#1 9/15 & IVF#2 12/15- both failed. Our dr suggested pgd as suspected me to be the carrier of a very rare disease. Another shot brought no luck. We both took a really long break for emotional recovery. Once a friend of mine went for surrogacy in Ukraine. She shared her positive experience with the clinic. We thought we could give it another try, using donor egg. It took us 2 shots DE IVF to conceive our adorable daughter. Whatever the reason for infertility is, DON’T GIVE UP!! There are plenty of options nowadays which can help!


So what we expected to see during our first visit to the clinic… Sth like the typical clinic’s waiting room to keep us for some time before the main event. One of those afterthought, like everywhere… A daytime TV and a magazine stand – things which don’t make the clinic stand out. But we were amazed to see they made visiting the office a completely different experience instead of a chore! They created a special relationship with the patients, increased their satisfaction with details. The theme of care ran through everything they did at Biotexcom. Every member of their team seemed to feel honoured to have the opportunity to help change people’s lives! I believe it all comes down to their core value. Needs of the patient come first!! Their staff is respectful. If you spend a day there and you grab anybody and ask them what’s the purpose of your work, they would more likely to say ‘to help build families’. Absolutely love their approach :wink:


Found this, thought it might be of some interest. ~The first and most common type of PCOS is transferred through a woman’s genetic makeup and is usually characterized by a woman’s high LH levels. LH level is generally at a much higher count than the FSH in a woman with this type of PCOS. Generally speaking a typical FSH level will be higher than the LH levels, these measurements are taken by a specialist through a blood sample. Often this type of PCOS is associated with a higher male hormone concentration, and often associated with insulin resistance.
The second most common type of PCOS is adrenal. In the case of it, a male hormone is overactive rather than a female hormone. In many cases the reason an adrenal imbalance of male hormones has occurred is because of long term stress. stress hormone has ultimately produced so much cortisol that the body starts to prioritize resources elsewhere besides the reproductive area!!
In the third type in the patient there is more than one ovarian cyst that has been engorged for a long period of time, resulting in size and shape permanence of the cysts. This type of PCOS is common with severe diagnoses of endometriosis, any form of extensive surgery in the pelvic region, and chronic pelvic inflammatory disease. Women do not respond to fertility drugs with overactive or hyperstimulation but instead are considered to be poor responders to the drugs.


Having PCOS varies from woman to woman, here are symptoms that could indicate you have PCOS. If you feel any of these symptoms are effecting you then talk to you doctor! Not every woman with PCOS will have every symptom, and you do not have to have cysts on your ovaries to have PCOS.
Symptoms of PCOS:
Reduced menstrual cycles than normal or complete lack of having any cycles.
Some can have monthly cycles but not actually be ovulating.
Heavy bleeding during your period, and spotting in between cycles.
Hair loss on your scalp
Excess hair growth on your body such as your face, chest, back, stomach, thumbs, or toes.
Acne and oily skin
Weight gain that is mostly gained around your midsection.
Miscarriage and infertility
Insulin resistance. This can cause miscarriage, poor egg quality, and irregular periods.
Cysts on your ovaries
Difficulty to lose weight despite dieting and exercise
Multiple positive OPKs throughout your cycle, but no ovulation happens.


Our Dr at Biotex says there is no one single test that is done to diagnose PCOS. It is more a combination of different test results and your symptoms that will lead to a diagnoses.
Common testing that is done to diagnose PCOS:
Blood tests for LH, FSH, TSH, Testosterone, Prolactin, Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Vitamin D.
Progesterone blood test on 7 days past ovulating.
Glucose tolerance test, and fasting Blood glucose numbers to check for insulin resistance.
A pelvic ultasound to check your ovaries for cysts, and to see if they are enlarged.


I’m going to add as for the treatments for uterine issues. Those include: Fibroids – surgery can be considered. Polyps - surgery can be considered. Adenomyosis no treatment required. Endometriosis could be surgery in form of laparoscopy or ultra long IVF protocol. Intrauterine adhesions – surgery. Abnormal uterine shape - possible surgery. Difficult cervix affecting embryo transfer – ultrasound guided transfer and hysteroscopy and dilatation of the cervix. Early rise in progesterone prior to egg collection in an IVF cycle – freezing of embryos prior to transfer to use later in a frozen cycle.
Then things considering general maternal and paternal health.