What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
In Vitro Fertilization, or IVF, is the most common of all assisted reproductive technology (ART). The technique, which was first developed in the United Kingdom by Doctors Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards and resulted in the first pregnancy in 1978. Fertility treatment centers in the United States began to adopt the process which resulted in the first IVF pregnancy in the US in 1981, and over 45,000 since that time.
The IVF process involves removing the eggs, or ova, from a woman’s body and placing them in a lab dish with the sperm. After fertilization occurs, the eggs are transferred to the woman’s uterus where they continue to develop.
Before the IFV Process begins, the patient is evaluated by the reproductive endocrinologist to see if IFV is a possible solution to over come their infertility problems. Fertility specialists understand the patient’s desire to have a child but also balance that with the biologic understanding of the possibilities for each patient. Reputable fertility treatment centers will assure that the patient understands their choices and will help guide them to ones bet fit for situation.
Best candidates for IVF include:
• Those with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
• Male factor infertility
• Those with Endometriosis
• Problems concerning the uterus
• Problems concerning the ovaries
• Unexplained infertility
The IFV Process is very involved and will include many visits to the fertility treatment center for evaluation, treatments and monitoring. The process includes:
• Ovulation induction medication, such as Pergonal, are administered.
• Eggs are commonly retrieved using ultrasound guided needle which collects the follicular fluid which is placed in an incubator.
• Semen is collected and prepared.
• Sperm and egg are incubated together and fertilization should occur.
• Fertilized eggs are transferred to the woman’s body
• Woman returns to the fertility treatment center in two week for a pregnancy test
• If successful, she is monitored by the physician at the fertility treatment center for a short time then care is released to her regular OB/GYN. If unsuccessful, the woman will wait a month to recover, and then be reassessed for the next or further treatment.
The IVF process has involved some controversy over the years, and does evoke some serious considerations. The process has made headlines enabling women well beyond childbearing years to conceive and other to become pregnant with multiples well beyond what medicine deems safe. The medical standard is the placement of no more than two embryos into the womb at a time. Some consideration of IVF include:
• How many children desired
• How many embryos remain after treatment
• What will be done with unused embryos
Not every fertility treatment center shares the same protocol, philosophies, or success rates. It is very important for any patient considering best IVF centre in Mumbai to check the physician’s standing with the board as well as the fertility treatment center’s results with the CDC.